THIS MONTH IN IRISH AND IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORY

November

 

Celtic New Year

Samhain or November 1st is the first and most important day of the Celtic New Year


Kevin Barry Executed

On Nov. 1, 1920 - 18-year-old Irish patriot, Kevin Barry was executed by the British in Dublin  Ireland for refusing to squeal on his IRA comrades


Sinn Fein Reestablished

On Nov. 2 1986 - The oldest political party in Ireland was re-established as Republican Sinn Féin in Dublin. Veteran Republican Ruairí Ó Brádaigh was elected as Uachtarán


Founding of the Irish Women's Franchise League

On Nov.  4,  1908 – six Irish women activists met in the home of  Hanna and Francis Sheehy-Skeffington and founded the Irish Women's Franchise League


Owen  Rua (Roe) Ó Néill

 On Nov.  6, 1649 -  Owen Rua (Roe) Ó Néill, Taoiseach of the Ó Neill Clan  and the most successful Irish military leader in the war against Cromwell died.


Island Magee Massacre

On Nov. 6, 1641 the entire population of 3,000 inhabitants on Island Magee were massacred by the Carrickfergus garrison.


United Irishmen Founded

 On November 9, 1791 - Napper Tandy held the first meeting of the United Irish men in Dublin. The United Irishmen are considered to be the founders of today’s Irish Republicanism


Cherry Valley Massacre

On Nov. 11, 1778, Seneca Indian and Loyalist forces attacked a village and fort in eastern New York State during the American Revolutionary War, killing more than 40 soldiers and civilians in one of history's worst frontier episodes, the Cherry Valley Massacre


Irish Free State begins execution of Republican prisoners

On Nov. 17, 1922 - in concert with their British backers the Irish Free State began the executions of seventy-seven anti-Treaty republican prisoners.


Death of John J. Breslin

On Nov. 18, 1887 - John J. Breslin, Fenian leader sprung James Stephens from a Dublin prison. He also  led the famous 'Catalpa' rescue of six Fenian from from prison in Australia died at his residence in New York.


Death of  Theobold Wolfe Tone

On Nov. 19,  1798 -  Theobold Wolfe Tone, the leader of the1798 Uprising and a general in the French Army  died under mysterious circumstances while in British custody awaiting execution


British intelligence officers shot

On the morning of Nov. 20, 1920 -  14 British intelligence officers were shot dead in Dublin by Michael Collins' men.


First Bloody Sunday in Ireland

On Nov. 21, 1920 - British occupation forces, aka the Black and Tans opened fire on  football fans at  a Gaelic football match in Croke Park Dublin  killing (12)  and injuring scores  of innocent  civilians


Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa, by-election victory

On Nov. 22, 1869 - Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa, Fenian leader, contested and won a Tipperary by-election in abstentia. He was  declared ineligible because he was imprisoned by the British for his  having opposed their occupation of Ireland.


Birmingham Six
On  Nov. 21 1974 - the Mulbery Bush and the Tavern in the Town pubs in Birmingham were bombed supposedly by members of the Provisional IRA. That night six men--Hugh Callaghan, Patrick Joseph Hill, Gerard Hunter, Richard McIlkenny, William Power, and John Walker were arrested and charged with the bombings.

Their convictions were declared unsafe and unsatisfactory and quashed by the Court of Appeal on 14 March 1991.


The Manchester Martyrs Hanged

On Nov. 24, 1867 - three Irish born Fenian activists, Allen, Larkin and Ó Brien were hanged in Manchester England for their part in rescuing Fenian leaders from a police van.


Founding of Irish Citizen Army

On Nov.  24, 1913 -  James Larkin founded the Irish Citizen Army is in Dublin


Erskine Childers Executed

On Nov. 24, 1922 -   in concert with their British backers  Irish Republican  leader Erskine Childers is executed by the Irish Free State.

At 7 o’clock on the morning of Friday 24th November 1922, a thin, white-haired man with a hacking cough was led outside from Dublin’s Beggars Bush barracks to face a firing squad. He had been found guilty by a military tribunal of possessing a prohibited firearm, an ivory-handled .32 calibre Spanish automatic. The incriminating weapon was found during an army search of the man’s adoptive childhood home at Glendalough in County Wicklow. Michael Collins, the big fellow from Cork who gave him the gun, was already dead, shot down at Béal an Bhlátha eight weeks earlier.[i]

 


Founding of Sinn Féin

 On Nov. 28, 1905 - the Sinn Féin All Ireland political party was founded by Arthur Griffith in Dublin.


 Kilmichael Ambush

On Nov. 28,  1920 -  an eighteen  man  Black and Tan patrol at  Kilmichael, West Cork, were  wiped out by an IRA Flying Column  led by General Tom Barry.  It was the most effective and bloody IRA ambushes of the war.


Irish Brigade at Mine Hill

From  Nov. 27 thru Dec. 2, 1863   - the Irish Brigade under the command of Colonel. Patrick Kelly was engaged in numerous skirmishes during the Mine Hill Campaign .


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