Celtic New Year
Samhain or November 1st is the first and most important day of the Celtic New Year
Kevin Barry Executed
On Nov. 1, 1920 - 18-year-old Irish patriot, Kevin Barry was executed by the British in Dublin Ireland for refusing to squeal on his IRA comrades
Sinn Fein Reestablished
On Nov. 2 1986 - The oldest political party in Ireland was re-established as Republican Sinn Féin in Dublin. Veteran Republican Ruairí Ó Brádaigh was elected as Uachtarán
Founding of the Irish Women's Franchise League
On Nov. 4, 1908 – six Irish women activists met in the home of Hanna and Francis Sheehy-Skeffington and founded the Irish Women's Franchise League
Owen Rua (Roe) Ó Néill
On Nov. 6, 1649 - Owen Rua (Roe) Ó Néill, Taoiseach of the Ó Neill Clan and the most successful Irish military leader in the war against Cromwell died.
Island Magee Massacre
On Nov. 6, 1641 the entire
population of 3,000 inhabitants on Island Magee were massacred
by the Carrickfergus garrison.
United Irishmen Founded
On November 9, 1791 - Napper Tandy held the first meeting of the United Irish men in Dublin. The United Irishmen are considered to be the founders of today’s Irish Republicanism
Cherry Valley Massacre
On Nov. 11, 1778, Seneca Indian and
Loyalist forces attacked a village and fort in eastern New York
State during the American Revolutionary War, killing more than
40 soldiers and civilians in one of history's worst frontier
episodes, the Cherry Valley Massacre
Irish Free State begins execution of Republican prisoners
On Nov. 17, 1922 - in concert with their British backers the Irish Free State began the executions of seventy-seven anti-Treaty republican prisoners.
Death of John J. Breslin
On Nov. 18, 1887 - John J. Breslin, Fenian leader sprung James Stephens from a Dublin prison. He also led the famous 'Catalpa' rescue of six Fenian from from prison in Australia died at his residence in New York.
Death of Theobold Wolfe Tone
On Nov. 19, 1798 - Theobold Wolfe Tone, the leader of the1798 Uprising and a general in the French Army died under mysterious circumstances while in British custody awaiting execution
British intelligence officers shot
On the morning of Nov. 20, 1920 - 14 British intelligence officers were shot dead in Dublin by Michael Collins' men.
First Bloody Sunday in Ireland
On Nov. 21, 1920 - British occupation forces, aka the Black and Tans opened fire on football fans at a Gaelic football match in Croke Park Dublin killing (12) and injuring scores of innocent civilians
Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa, by-election victory
On Nov. 22, 1869 - Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa, Fenian leader, contested and won a Tipperary by-election in abstentia. He was declared ineligible because he was imprisoned by the British for his having opposed their occupation of Ireland.
On Nov. 21 1974 - the Mulbery Bush and the Tavern in the Town pubs
in Birmingham were bombed supposedly by members of the Provisional IRA.
That night six men--Hugh Callaghan, Patrick Joseph Hill, Gerard Hunter,
Richard McIlkenny, William Power, and John Walker were arrested and
charged with the bombings.
Their convictions were declared unsafe and
unsatisfactory and quashed by the Court
of Appeal on 14 March 1991.
The Manchester Martyrs Hanged
On Nov. 24, 1867 - three Irish born Fenian activists, Allen, Larkin and Ó Brien were hanged in Manchester England for their part in rescuing Fenian leaders from a police van.
Founding of Irish Citizen Army
On Nov. 24, 1913 - James Larkin founded the Irish Citizen Army is in Dublin
Erskine Childers Executed
On Nov. 24, 1922 - in concert with their British backers Irish Republican leader Erskine Childers is executed by the Irish Free State.
At 7 o’clock on the morning of Friday 24th
November 1922, a thin, white-haired man with a hacking cough was
led outside from Dublin’s Beggars Bush barracks to face a firing
squad. He had been found guilty by a military tribunal of
possessing a prohibited firearm, an ivory-handled .32 calibre
Spanish automatic. The incriminating weapon was found during an
army search of the man’s adoptive childhood home at Glendalough
in County Wicklow. Michael Collins, the big fellow from Cork who
gave him the gun, was already dead, shot down at Béal an Bhlátha
eight weeks earlier.[i]
Founding of Sinn Féin
On Nov. 28, 1905 - the Sinn Féin All Ireland political party was founded by Arthur Griffith in Dublin.
On Nov. 28, 1920 - an eighteen man Black and Tan patrol at Kilmichael, West Cork, were wiped out by an IRA Flying Column led by General Tom Barry. It was the most effective and bloody IRA ambushes of the war.
Irish Brigade at Mine Hill
From Nov. 27 thru Dec. 2, 1863
- the Irish Brigade under the command of Colonel. Patrick Kelly was engaged
in numerous skirmishes during the Mine Hill Campaign .
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