Death in Derry
On Dec. 1, 1848 -- a total of 72
immigrant including men women and children trying to escape the Great
Hunger suffocated in the hold of the The Londonderry, in Derry harbor
Death of Thomas Clarke Luby
On Dec. 1, 1901 -- Thomas
Clarke Luby, the Fenian leader died in NewYork.
The Good Friday Agreement
On Dec. 2, 1999 -- The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) came into
existence beginning a roll back of Republican gains and the
forfeiture of the Irish Nations boundaries.
On Dec. 4, 1971 -- the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) claimed
responsibility for a bomb blast that killed 17 people in a Belfast pub.
Anglo Irish Treaty
On Dec. 5, 1921 -- Lloyd George, the British Prime minister,
informed the Irish delegation that a rejection of the Anglo Irish Treaty
would result in a "immediate and terrible war"
The Treaty was signed the following day.
Irish Free State established
On Dec. 6, 1922 -- Saorstát Éireann, or the 26-county Irish Free
State was established
Irish Free State summary executions
On Dec. 8, 1922 -- Liam Mellows from
Connacht, Rory O'Connor from Leinster, Joseph McKelvey of Ulster
and Richard Barrett from Munster, all Irish patriots were
executed by the Free State Forces.
Sunningdale Agreement Signed
On Dec. 9, 1973 -- the Sunningdale Agreement was signed setting up
a council of Ireland’ It was rejected by Provicional Sinn Fein who
later accepted the politically less favorable but personally
more remunerative Good Friday Agreement (GFA) in 1998
On Dec. 10, 1920 -- the British imposed martial law in
Cork, Kerry, Limerick and Tipperary . The following day Dec. 11, the
British declared martial law in the rest of Ireland and the Black
and Tans celebrated by burning and looting Cork City
On Dec. 11, 1956 -- the Irish Republican Army (IRA)
announced the beginning of “A Campaign of Resistance to
British Occupation". in what became known as the Border Campaign.
As a result, Internment without trial was introduced in both the
occupied six counties and in the Free State.
Battle of Fredericksburg
On Dec. 11 - 15, 1862 -- one of the most savage battles of
the American Civil War was fought at Fredericksburg in Virginia.
The Irish Brigade under the command of Brig. Gen. Thomas Francis
Meagher led the charge across open ground towards the well
fortified Marye’s Heights. The Brigade lost over 50% of its troops but
advanced further up the heights than any other Union Brigade.
Sinn Féin Election Victory
On Dec. 14, 1918 -- Sinn Féin contested the general election
promising not to represent their constituents in the Westminster
Parliament, but instead would set up a Republican assembly that would
form an Irish government for Ireland.. Sinn Féin won over 79% of
the popular vote and 73 of 105 seats including a majority of seats
in the Province of Ulster.
The Flight of the Wild Geese
On Dec. 22, 1691 -- most of Patrick Sarsfield’s Irish Army left Ireland
in French ships to become the Irish Brigade in the service of France.
On Dec. 25, (Christmas Day) 1916 -- Irish political prisoners,
who were interned at the infamous Frongoch Prison In Wales, were
released. Many of them went on to fight in the War of
Death of Dan Breen
On Dec. 27, 1969 -- Dan Breen who shot
the first policeman in the Irish war of Independence died in Co
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