THIS MONTH IN IRISH AND IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORY

May

Battle of Chancellorsville

On Mat 2 thru 4, The Irish Brigade under the command of General Thomas F. Meagher  was so decimated in the battle that he resigned from command. However, by  December of 1863 he was back in a command position under General William T. Sherman and ultimately won a gold medal, for leadership of his Irish Brigade, from the state of New York.


Amnesty Report

On May 2, 1978 - Amnesty International released a report that reaffirmed and presented new evidence on the use of systematic torture by the British authorities on Irish POW's in the occupied six Irish counties .


Fr. Aloysius Roche

On May 2, 1957 - Fr. Aloysius Roche died. During the 1916 Easter Rising he brought  spiritual aid to the Volunteers in the numerous garrisons and outposts throughout Dublin.


IRA volunteers Repel British troops at Tourmakeady

On May 3, 1921 - IRA volunteers  under the command of Tom Maguire fight off 600 English troops at Tourmakeady  in , Co. Mayo.


Leaders of the 1916 Rising executed

On May 3, 1916 - Leaders of the Easter Rising  Padraig Pearse, Thomas McDonagh and Thomas Clarke were executed by the British in Kilmainham jail in Dublin.


More leaders of the 1916 Rising executed

On May 4, 1916 - Willie Pearse, Joseph Plunkett, Edward Daly and Michael O'Halloran were executed for their leadership roles the Easter Rising.


Ancient Order of Hibernians Founded

On May 4, 1836 -- the Ancient Order of Hibernians in America is founded in New York City


Bobby Sands

On May 5, 1981  - Bobby Sands died on hunger strike in Long Kesh.


John McBride

On May 5, 1916 - John McBride was executed by the British for his leadership role in the Easter Rising.


Phoenix Park assassinations

On May 6, 1882 - the  assassination of the British chief secretary of Ireland, Lord Frederick Cavendish, and his under secretary, T.H. Burke were stabbed to death as they walk in Dublin's Phoenix Park by members of a nationalist secret society, the “Invincibles”. The attack is attributed to the Fenians.


Easter Rising Executions

On May 8, 1916 - Con Colbert, Eamonn Cannt, Michael Mallon, Sean Heuston and Thomas Kent were executed by the British for their role in the Easter Rising.


Frankie Hughes

On May 12, 1981 - Frankie Hughes dies on hunger strike in Long Kesh.


Sean Hogan rescued

On May 13, 1919 - Sean Hogan one of the "Big Four" IRA leaders from Tipperary was rescued from a train that was taking him to Cork by Sean Tracy, Dan Breen, Seamus Robinson and other volunteers from Limerick.


Dublin and Monaghan bombings.

On May 17, 1974 - 34 people were killed when  British intelligence agents and Loyalists terrorists set off bombs in Dublin and Monaghan resulting  in the single largest loss of life during the latest phase of Ireland's struggle for unity.


Raymond McCreesh and Patsy O Hara

On May 21, 1981 - Ray McCreesh and Patsy O'Hara died on hunger strike in Long Kesh.


 Special Non-Jury Courts

On May 26, 1972 the 26-county authorities, set up the  Special Non-Jury Court to assist the British cope with the War of Liberation  in the occupied counties.


Battle of Enniscorthy

On May 29, 1798 - Wexford insurgents, under the command of Father Murphy of Boolavogue, a priest who had been in dispute with his bishop and who had reluctantly stepped forward as leader capture the town of  Enniscorthy. The attack began at about 1 P.M, when the insurgents drove a herd of cattle through the towns’s Duffry gate, creating disorder among the loyalist defenders. After a defense of about 3 hours, the loyalist force abandoned the town and fled in great disorder to Wexford.


Death of Michael Davitt,

On May 30, 1906 -  Michael Davitt, "Father" of the Irish Land League died. He was born at the height of the Great Famine. At four, his family was evicted and forced to emigrate to England. He joined the Fenians in 1865, became organizing secretary and was arrested in 1870 for arms smuggling. Released after seven years, he returned to County Mayo as a national hero.


Battle of Clontarf

The Battle of Clontarf (Irish: Cath Chluain Tarbh) was a battle that took place on 23 April 1014.
The outcome was an historic victory for the Irish under their High King Brian Boru, 'The Lion Of Ireland'. Although the battle signaled the end of Viking rule in Ireland and in western Europe, it proved to be a very costly victory as Brian and his
sons and grandson, the future leaders of his family were killed in the battle.

Brian's body was brought to Swords, north of Dublin. There it was met by the coarb of Patrick, the traditional head of the church in Ireland, who brought the body back with him to Armagh, where it were interred after twelve days of mourning. Along with Brian were the body of Murchad and the heads of Conaing, Brian's nephew, and Mothla, king of the Déisi Muman.

 


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