THIS MONTH IN IRISH AND IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORY

July

 Thomas Francis Meagher

On July 1, 1867 -- Thomas Francis Meagher of the Sword was drowned under mysterious circumstances in the night when he was traveling aboard the steamer Thompson, on the Missouri River opposite Fort Benton.


Battle of Gettysburg

On July 1 through  3, 1863 -- General Robert E. Lee's Army Of Northern Virginia of 75,000 men and the 97,000 man Union Army of The Potomac under General George G. Meade met, by chance, at   Gettysburg. During the three days of battle more men fought and died than in any other battle before or since on North American soil.


The Irish Brigade

On July 2, 1863 -- during the Battle of Gettysburg, Colonel Patrick Kelly and the 530 men serving in the Irish Brigade stubbornly fought their Confederate foes in the killing grounds of Rose's Wheatfield.  By sundown, the Irish Brigade counted 198 casualties leaving just over 300 remaining of the original 2,500 men who had enlisted when the war began.


Independence Day

On July 4, 1776, -- the Continental Congress   asserted its independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain by formally  adopting the Declaration of Independence  in Philadelphia.


Commandant General Tom Maguire

On July 5, 1993 -- Tom Maguire died of natural caused at the age  of 101.  During the War of Independence he held the rank of Commandant-General in the Western Command of the Irish Republican Army and led the South Mayo flying column.


Cathal Brugha

On July 7, 1922 --  Cathal Brugha died from injuries received when shot by Free State forces in O'Connell Street, Dublin


Joe Mc Donnell

On July 8, 1981 -- Joe McDonnell of Belfast died on hunger strike at the H-blocks of Long Kesh. On May 9, 1981 he replaced the murdered Bobby Sands on Hunger Strike.


Three Quinn brothers murdered

On July 12, 1998 -- three Quinn brothers, Richard, 11, Mark, 10, and Jason 9, were burned to death by a Loyalist firebomb in Ballymoney, 40 miles northwest of Belfast


Martin Hurson

On July 13, 1981 -- Martin Hurson from Belfast died on hunger strike in the H-Blocks of Long Kesh. Martin joined the Hunger Strike on May 27, 1981 when Brendan McLaughlin had to give up because of a bleeding ulcer.


Plantation of six Ulster counties

On July 19, 1608 -- preparations commenced for the plantation of six Ulster counties including Armagh, Cavan, Coleraine, Donegal, Fermanagh and Tyrone.


The Asgard

On July 26, 1914  -- the  Asgard arrived from Germany at Howth with rifles and ammunition for the Irish Volunteers.  The 44-foot yacht, was under the command of English-born Irish nationalist leader, Erskine Childers and his wife Mollie.


Young Irelanders walk out on  Repeal Association

On July 27, 1846 -- William Smith O’Brien lead the Young Irelanders out of the Repeal Association


Harry Boland

On July 30, 1922,  --  Harry Boland, Irish revolutionary and principal IRA  organizer  from 1916 to 1922  was murdered by British supported Free State forces during the Irish Civil War in Skerries Co. Dublin.


It is said that it was she who first proposed to Erskine Childers the idea of transporting German arms to Ireland aboard private yachts, such as the one Childers owned. She then helped plan the famous Asgard gun-running affair into Howth on July 26, 1914, and accompanied Childers and his wife, Molly, on the ship during the actual operation. Mary's health began to fail while she was working as a nurse during the War of Independence. When she died in 1924, she was buried in Loghill, Co. Limerick, near her childhood home. Local republicans carried her coffin to the cemetery in honor of her contributions to the fight for Ireland's freedom and the preservation of its language

 


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