Thomas Francis Meagher
On July 1, 1867 -- Thomas Francis
Meagher of the Sword was drowned under mysterious circumstances in the night when he was traveling aboard the steamer Thompson, on the Missouri River opposite Fort Benton.
Battle of Gettysburg
On July 1 through 3, 1863 -- General Robert E. Lee's Army Of Northern Virginia of 75,000 men and the 97,000 man Union Army of The Potomac under General George G. Meade met, by chance, at Gettysburg. During the three days of battle more men fought and died than in any other battle before or since on North American soil.
The Irish Brigade
On July 2, 1863 -- during the Battle of Gettysburg, Colonel Patrick Kelly and the 530 men serving in the Irish Brigade stubbornly fought their Confederate foes in the killing grounds of Rose's Wheatfield. By sundown, the Irish Brigade counted 198 casualties leaving just over 300 remaining of the original 2,500 men who had enlisted when the war began.
On July 4, 1776, -- the Continental Congress asserted its independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain by formally adopting the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia.
Commandant General Tom Maguire
On July 5, 1993 -- Tom Maguire died of natural caused at the age of 101.
During the War of Independence he held the rank of Commandant-General in the Western Command of the Irish Republican Army and led the South Mayo flying column.
Joe Mc Donnell
On July 8, 1981 -- Joe McDonnell of Belfast died on hunger strike at the H-blocks of Long Kesh. On May 9, 1981 he replaced the murdered Bobby Sands on Hunger Strike.
Three Quinn brothers murdered
On July 12,
1998 -- three Quinn brothers, Richard, 11, Mark, 10, and Jason 9, were burned to death by a Loyalist firebomb in Ballymoney, 40 miles northwest of Belfast
On July 13, 1981 -- Martin Hurson from Belfast died on hunger strike in the H-Blocks of Long Kesh. Martin joined the Hunger Strike on May 27, 1981 when Brendan McLaughlin had to give up because of a bleeding ulcer.
Plantation of six Ulster counties
On July 19,
1608 -- preparations commenced for the plantation of six Ulster counties including Armagh, Cavan, Coleraine, Donegal, Fermanagh and Tyrone.
On July 26, 1914 -- the Asgard arrived from Germany at Howth with rifles and ammunition for the Irish Volunteers. The 44-foot yacht, was under the command of English-born Irish nationalist leader, Erskine Childers and his wife Mollie.
Young Irelanders walk out on Repeal Association
On July 27, 1846 -- William Smith O’Brien lead the Young Irelanders out of the Repeal Association
On July 30, 1922, -- Harry Boland, Irish revolutionary and principal IRA organizer from 1916 to 1922 was murdered by British supported Free State forces during the Irish Civil War in Skerries Co. Dublin.
It is said that it was she who first proposed to Erskine
Childers the idea of transporting German arms to Ireland aboard
private yachts, such as the one Childers owned. She then helped
plan the famous Asgard gun-running affair into Howth on
July 26, 1914, and accompanied Childers and his wife, Molly, on
the ship during the actual operation. Mary's health began to
fail while she was working as a nurse during the War of
Independence. When she died in 1924, she was buried in Loghill,
Co. Limerick, near her childhood home. Local republicans carried
her coffin to the cemetery in honor of her contributions to the
fight for Ireland's freedom and the preservation of its language
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