THIS MONTH IN IRISH AND IRISH-AMERICAN HISTORY

September

 Tom Williams

 On Sept. 2,1942 -  Belfast born IRA Volunteer Tom Williams was hanged at Belfast's Crumlin Road Jail by the British, despite requests from all the world including America to save his life.  For unknown reasons the life of his  comrade, Joe Cahill, was spared.


Cornwallis attacks Castlebar
On  Sept.  4, 1798 – Cornwallis who had already  surrendered the American colonies moved forward from Tuam to attack Castlebar that had been captured by General Humbert  leader of the French expeditionary force


Holy Cross violence

On Sept.  6, 2001 -  the raw sectarian hatred and the acts of violence carried out by seemingly ordinary people  against the students at Holy Cross school in Belfast  was seen around the world


Gen Humbert surrenders

On Sept. 8,- the last major battle of 1798, was fought at  Ballinamuck  when General Humbert surrendered. Up to one thousand Irish volunteers were slaughtered by the British after the surrender.


Battle of Brandywine Creek

On September 11, 1777 General Sir William Howe and General Charles Cornwallis launch a full-scale British attack on General George Washington and the Patriot outpost at Brandywine Creek near Chadds Ford, in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on the road linking Baltimore and Philadelphia.


"Red" Hugh O'Donnell

On Sept. 10, 1602 – the chief of the O Donnell’s of Donegal, "Red" Hugh O'Donnell died under mysterious circumstances  in  Simancas, Spain. Evidence suggests he was poisoned by an English an spy.


Attack on America.

Sept. 11, 2001 -- starting at approximately 8:45 AM on Tuesday, morning a series of horrendous attacks on the United States of America was carried out by extremist Islamic groups.  The attacks were conducted against innocent American citizens and against America's financial and military infrastructures.


Drogheda Massacre 

On Sept. 11, 1649  -  Cromwell captured the town of Drogheda  and immediately  proceeded to slaughter the entire garrison


First Dail Eireann declared illegal
On Sept. 11, 1919 – the first All Ireland Dail, resulting from the 1918 All Ireland elections  was declared illegal by the British and membership  of the body deemed to be a crime


 'Flight of the Earls"

On Sept.  14, 1607 – what is believed to have been the last of the native aristocracy chieftans, Hugh O'Neill, Ruairi O'Donnell  and other leaders  and their Clans  are forced by the British  to leave  Ireland .They embark in Lough Swilly Co Donegal for the continent in what has become known as the 'Flight of the Earls"


Dr. Kathleen Lynn, 

On Sept. 14, 1955 - Dr. Kathleen Lynn, Irish Citizen Army officer, and an activist in women’s rights  in the early 1900’s died


Irish People Newspaper raided

On Sept. 15, 1865 -  the Royal Irish Constabulary  broke into the offices of the Republican paper  The Irish People in Dublin  and arrested  Fenian leaders  Rossa, Luby and O'Leary 


John Blake Dillon,

On Sept. 15, 1866 - John Blake Dillon, co-founder of the Young Irelander and of  The Nation newspaper  died in Killarney, Co Kerry


The Irish Brigade

On September 17 -1862  the Irish Brigade led by General Thomas Meagher at the Battle of Antietam Creek at Sharpsburg in Maryland, cleared four South Carolina regiments from protected positions on the Sunken Road, later know as "The Bloody Lane".  After a fierce fight they drove the southerners from the road on the bloodiest single day in U. S. military history. However, the Brigade absorbed 540 casualties.  After they ran out of ammunition and resorted to throwing rocks the Brigade was ordered to withdraw.


Robert Emmett

On Sept. 20, 1803 - Robert Emmett ( The darling of Erin) was hung drawn and quartered in Dublin by the British  for having led  the 1803 Uprising  against British presences in Ireland


Thomas Ashe

 On Sept, 25,  1917 - Thomas Ashe was the first Irish Republican to die on hunger strike in Ireland while seeking political status.


Michael Flannery

On Sept. 30,  1998 - Michael Flannery  of the Third Tipperary Brigade, life long faithful Irish Republican and co-founder of Cumann Na Saoirse Naisiunta died at his home in New York at age of 92 


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